First, a passing thought:
A good design is seamless, unified, harmonious, whole. A bad design is fragmented and arbitrary, its elements stuck together ad-hoc with no consideration as to how one flows into the other. When the intelligent design researchers (and what they do is genuinely, legitimately research - I say this as a barrister and solicitor) look for signs of design, the usual formula is to isolate a harmonious design, deny the existence of its effective cause within creation, and conclude therefore that God must have done it. This is to deny that the effective cause is part of the harmonious whole, and to claim that there has been some kind of unnatural severance within creation. In other words, the signs of flaws and corruptions of the unified design of the original. If these are the signs of the Designer we seek, then that designer is not the One who designed causation for our use, Who is everywhere present and filling all things, Whose designs are at all friendly to us.
And now, have some cave worms (note: taxonomically not worms)
to cleanse the palate.
According to this study, if you're white, male, well-educated or in the scientific "in", you are more likely to believe GMOs are safe.
Or, rather, distrust increases the further you move out of this inner elite circle. There appear to be no controls for socioeconomic class. Am immediately reminded of Lewis' critique
of Man's power over Nature being ultimately the mere power of some men over others.
Relatedly, I'm not the first to compare our economic system to a Paperclip Maximizer
. The only real debate is just what is analogous to paperclips - mammon itself, or consumer products.
And now for some less short-form reblogging...
Fr. Stephen Freeman posts a trilogy of posts about sex and gender
In case the blog is ever moved and the pictures are lost again, here are the pictures the accompany each:( cut for spoiler - their best impact is when you read each article itself )
All three are well worth reading. That said, one quote struck me in particular:
In all discussions of our gendered existence, Christians must remember that male and female are eschatological images – they are images towards which we are moving, not givens according to which automatically live. The male who is not self-emptyingly male, is not yet what he shall be nor what he should be. The female who is not self-emptyingly female, is not yet what she shall be nor what she should be. And, of course, our situation is still more tragic and broken. For some, the experience of the energies of our nature is changed – whether through the brokenness of genetics or nurture. They are not yet what they shall be nor what they should be. We share a tragedy that is common to all humanity.
This is incomprehensible without an understanding of what Blessed Mother Maria Skobtsova was getting at in her reflection concerning the emulation of the Mother of God
. It also provides, in my experience possibly for the first time, a framework for how
we should approach masculine and feminine identity and prescription, in a way that finally relates to the theology of kenosis and the Cross (beyond the way in which all suffering so relates).
This leaves, of course, the content open: just what is
male and what is female kenosis? Mother Maria's analysis is tantalizing, providing enough to offer a start to the dialogue but leaving nothing close to a clear, yes-no-depends method of recognizing either or both in another.
I'm starting to understand how Thomas Aquinas felt.
One possible answer: the distinction, outside of biological functions, is more de
scriptive than prescriptive in that if we simply follow the Way the means of that expression will make themselves known. But why then are there any commandments aimed at consciously maintaining the distinction?
comments on Part 3 referencing a book called "Flight From Woman", and another hint suggests itself: every known effort to create a genderless society has only succeeded in creating a misogynistic society.
Whatever the reason for it, it just happens that in our civilization the male is unmarked and the female marked, and to try to reform society such that everyone conforms to neutral the obvious thing to do (given the mindset of the revolutionary who is typically also an iconoclast) is to purge that which is marked
. The requirement to maintain the distinction - especially in the New Testament where the early Church was going up against the gnostic heretics - may be (inter alia) a safeguard against that evil, which would be toxic to (again, inter alia) anyone who would otherwise have sought salvation through the feminine route.
I say "anyone" at the end of that paragraph. I do not believe in a strict individual (lit. individuus
) binary where being on one side on one thing necessitates being on that side on everything else to the exclusion of the other. To believe in such exclusion would be to deny that any woman can carry her Cross, or that any man can be pierced to the heart by the sorrows of another - a denial both theologically monstrous and obviously untrue in experience.
One of the most liberating and beautiful things I've found about Orthodoxy compared to Western theology is that to say X is Y is not
to imply, in the absence of a genuine contradiction, that X is not Z.
But then how are we by (prescriptive, theological) nature male and female, but not all androgynous (~male and female created He every one of them~)?
Perhaps to all these statements should be added "without limitation", as the lawyers do. Are we each created, then, to find only the highest
fulfillment in only one of the paths, however great our works may be down the other? We might, instead, speak not of paths but aspects, or abilities and potentials, or differing gifts of grace
, or even statistics in an RPG (tempered, of course, by the constant remembrance that without God our works are nothing).
Or perhaps another test question is: which is worse off: a woman devoid of the feminine and a man of the masculine, or a woman devoid of the masculine and a man of the feminine?
I offer a very crude example.
The former (failure of own gender's virtue):
- a group of men. One suffers emotional turmoil. The others lash out angrily and bitterly, say all manner of evil against whoever they feel may be responsible, fail utterly to bring consolation or solve the problem.
- a group of women. One suffers emotional turmoil. The others do not know how to handle it and leave in shame.
The latter (failure of other gender's virtue):
- a group of men. One suffers emotional turmoil. The others do not know how to handle it and leave in shame.
- a group of women. One suffers emotional turmoil. The others lash out angrily and bitterly, say all manner of evil against whoever they feel may be responsible, fail utterly to bring consolation or solve the problem.
If both are equally bad, then this gives us no reason to believe that humanity is not fulfilled by total positive androgynity; if the former is worse, then that supports what we are taught.
This is increasingly becoming a matter of "I'll know it when I see it", without any ability to formalize what is going on. The Thomist understanding frustratingly remains.
Will hit Post for want of a logical conclusion.